Indica vs Sativa Strains
Prior to understanding what Indica vs Sativa Strains is all about, cannabis is a species of flowering herb that is split into three subspecies: Indica, Sativa,and Ruderalis. Ruderalis plants are small in size with minimal medicinal yields. Due to this reason, most cultivators and weed breeders avoid ruderalis plants.
The strains which are common in the community for medical and recreational uses are the Indica and Sativa strains. Even though indica and Sativa are of the same species, they belong to different genera.
Cannabis indica is a plant in the family Cannabaceae and a putative species of the genus cannabis. It is grown yearly and cultivated for many purposes such as for use as a pain reliever and in addition, can also be woven into cloth. Cannabis indica produces large amounts of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), a crystalline compound that is the main active ingredient for cannabis. Higher concentrations of THC provide a euphoric and an intoxicating effect, making it popular for use both as a recreational and a medicinal drug.
Cannabis Indica is relatively short in height, conical in shape, and densely branched as opposed to cannabis Sativa. Its leaves are broad and short.
Indica is a more compact, thick-stemmed, bushusually attains a height of fewer than 2 meters. Its leaves are generally colored dark shade of green with wide short blades. Indica strains tend to produce more side branches and denser overall growth. Its flowers form in thick clusters around the nodes of the female plants.
Cannabis Indica is suited for growth and cultivation in temperate climates.
The cannabis indica’s high is often referred to as a “body buzz”. it is beneficial when used as pain relief. It is also effective in treating insomnia and an anxiolytic.
The name Indica originate from the geographical area in which the plant was grown ie India
Its life cycle is divided into two phases likewise other cannabis genera.
Vegetation(growth) and flowering of the indica is due to photoperiods. The indica plant grows well into the flowering period. Growth occurs during the long photoperiods and flowering during the short photoperiods.
Most indices are a good source of the cannabinoids; THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) CBD, CBN(Cannabinol), and THCA(tetrahydrocannabinol acid). They are all present in Indica at significant levels.
Cannabis sativa just like indica is also grown yearly. Originally found in indigenous eastern Asia is now cultivated and distributed widely. Depending on its use, parts of the Sativa plant are harvested differently. The word sativa means “things are cultivated”. Cannabis sativa plants can either be male or female ie they are uni-sexual.
It is a short day flowering plant meaning it blooms during periods when day time is shorter than night time. The staminate (male plants mostly) are usually taller and less robust than the pistillate plants (either male or female).
The plant contains more than 500 compounds with THC being the main psychoactive constituent and 113 other cannabinoids which are produced only in very small amounts. Cannabidiol, CBD produced by these plants blocks the effect of THC in the nervous system
Cannabis sativa seeds are chiefly used to make hempseed oil which can be used for cooking, lighting lamps, and as a component of paints. They are consumed for medicinal, recreational, and spiritual purposes.
Cannabis sativa plant is tall and laxly branched and its leaves are relatively long and narrow. The buds of sativa are long and sausage-shaped.
The major differences between Indica and Sativa
Indica plants tend to grow shorter and bushier whereas sativa strains have long leaves with long thin blades.
Furthermore, the cannabis indica has higher THC levels compared with CBD while the reverse is true for sativa.
Sativas are known for their invigorating energizing effect, which helps to reduce anxiety and stress and increase creativity and focus while indicas have full-body effects in increasing relaxation and reducing insomnia.